SpaceX Token stands out as one of the most tricky Bitcoin ones. Since it’s not currently supported within Coinbase’s extensive ecosystem.

When it comes to stepping into the world of cryptocurrency, several significant factors come into play. These factors include your location and the underlying protocol. Besides this, it can significantly impact your crypto investment journey. SpaceX token is among the largest of digital currencies out there,  However, don’t worry! As there are alternatives to get your hands on this token.

A Step-by-Step Guide on Buying Procedure of SpaceX Token:

If you want to acquire some of the valuable as well as authentic information about SpaceX tokens, then this section is for you!

Explore CoinMarketCap:

To kickstart your SpaceX Token journey, it is important to consult CoinMarketCap. This platform offers valuable insights into where and how you can acquire this Coin. Moreover, they provide you with compatible currencies you can use for purchase. Head over to CoinMarketCap and search for SpaceX Coin, then click on the “Market” button besides to the price chart.

Here, you’ll find a comprehensive list of platforms where you can acquire SpaceX Token, with the currency pairs available. Look for the pairing that suits your needs, like SPXC/USD if you intend to purchase coins with US Dollars.

Select a Suitable Platform:

Keep in mind that different platforms vary in terms of security, reliability, and liquidity. Before creating an account, invest time in conducting thorough research to choose a platform that aligns with your requirements and preferences.

Make Your Purchase:

Each platform operates differently, so it is important to have a good know-how yourself with their respective processes. Generally, buying crypto with fiat currency like the US Dollar is more easy compared to using other cryptocurrencies. If you opt for the other currencies, you’ll need to set up a cryptocurrency wallet compatible with SpaceXCoin. Aside from doing this, purchase the initial cryptocurrency, and then use it to acquire SpaceXCoin on your chosen platform. Furthermore, if you face any hurdles, many platforms offer comprehensive guides, and you can also find assistance from the vibrant crypto community on platforms like YouTube and Twitter.

SpaceX Token is on the decline this week

Over the past week, the value of SpaceXCoin (SPXC) has decreased by 1.50%. In the last 24 hours alone, it experienced a decline of 2.32%. In the most recent hour, the price dropped by 0.33%. The current market price for SPXC stands at PKR 0.00000006 per coin. Notably, SpaceXCoin is currently trading at a significant 78.02% below its all-time high of PKR 0.00000026.

Can I buy SpaceX Token on Coinbase?

As of now, SpaceX token is not on Coinbase. However, you can stay updated on SpaceX Token and receive notifications about its availability on Coinbase by signing up for news alerts and notifications through the Coinbase platform.

Can I buy SpaceX Token with cash?

SpaceXCoin is not supported on the Coinbase platform, which means you cannot purchase it with cash or any other cryptocurrencies within the Coinbase ecosystem.

How to buy SpaceX Token with a gift card?

Coinbase’s ecosystem does not currently support SpaceXCoin, regardless of the payment method used, including gift cards.

How to buy SpaceX Token using PayPal?

SpaceXCoin is presently not accepted within Coinbase’s ecosystem, regardless of the chosen payment method, including PayPal.

Does SpaceX have a token?

The SPACEX token is a key component of the MuskSwap Ecosystem, primarily offering robust support within the broader MUSK Ecosystem

How to buy SpaceXCoin?

The simplest approach is to locate a reputable centralized exchange, such as Binance, where you can purchase SpaceXCoin. You can consult the Markets section on Coinmarketcap.com to identify the centralized exchanges that have listed this coin

What is the price of SpaceX token today?

The current price summary for today stands at US$0.0000000001928, with a 24-hour trading volume amounting to $48,395. Over the last 24 hours, it has experienced a decrease of -1.79%. The maximum supply for this cryptocurrency is set at 1,000,000 B.

What is SPX token?

Sp8de (SPX) is a cryptocurrency that functions on the Ethereum platform. Currently, there are 8,888,888,888 tokens in total supply, with 7,783,756,906.18 SPX tokens in circulation.

How much is the SpaceX token worth?

The current market capitalization of SPACEX Token stands at $46,709.83 today.

Where can I buy Elon Mars coin?

You can obtain Dogelon Mars by either exchanging ETH for ELON or by purchasing it on cryptocurrency exchanges like Crypto.com or its initial platform, Uniswap, using the Crypto.com DeFi Wallet.

Is SPX a good investment?

Academic research generally concurs that the S&P 500 represents a sound long-term investment choice, notwithstanding occasional downturns.

How to invest in SPX?

Directly investing in the index itself is not possible. Instead, you can opt to purchase individual stocks of companies listed in the S&P 500 or invest in an S&P 500 index fund or ETF. Index funds usually entail lower risk compared to individual stocks.

Common mistakes to avoid when investing in stocks

When it comes to stock investments, it’s natural to encounter mistakes, but they can be mitigated with awareness. To provide an overview, we’ve assembled a comprehensive list of 17 common investment errors and strategies to avoid them. For now, let’s highlight some of the most prevalent ones:

  • Neglecting thorough research on the stock.
  • Having undefined financial objectives.
  • Trying to predict market timing.
  • Overlooking the importance of diversification.
  • Allowing emotions to guide investment decisions.

More About SpaceX Token IPO

SpaceX remains a privately held company and is not accessible to the general investing public. Consequently, there is currently no SpaceX stock symbol in existence. While an eventual SpaceX IPO is anticipated as investors seek an exit strategy, no registration statement has been filed, and there is no indication of when such an Initial Public Offering (IPO) might take place.

This situation arises because SpaceX, unlike many other private firms, faces no urgency to conduct an IPO. It has demonstrated a remarkable ability to attract private capital and has successfully funded its projects without the need to go public. In fact, SpaceX holds the distinction of being the most valuable venture capital-backed company in the United States.

SpaceX Falcon 9 Launching from Cape Canaveral by SpaceX is likely to be delayed due to bad weather.

SpaceX is scheduled to conclude the work week on Friday evening with a Falcon 9 launch. However, the possibility of late afternoon thunderstorms in the Space Coast region could delay the liftoff. 

The SpaceX Falcon 9 Launch is scheduled to begin its launch window at 5:12 p.m. EDT from Launch Complex 40 at Cape Canaveral Space Force Station.  Eastern Daylight Time. The payload will comprise a pair of commercial communication satellites intended for SES.

First, we will dig into,

How is the weather looking today?

According to the Space Force forecasters, the likelihood of favorable liftoff conditions was estimated to be only 20%.

According to the forecasters at Space Launch Delta 45, it is anticipated that Friday will be the most active day of the week. This is due to the development of a low-pressure system in the United States’ southeastern region. This is expected to pull a cold front into the Florida peninsula. Late afternoon and evening will witness the development and progression of strong to isolated severe storms through the spaceport.

Forecasters said:

“On Saturday, the pattern favors another round of afternoon/evening showers and storms, but overall coverage will likely not be as high as Friday,”. “The main concerns are the same concerns as Friday associated with the convection.”

Moreover, there are some launch considerations Like:

How will the Falcon 9 launch going to be affected by the risk of lightning?

The main launch considerations are the presence of cumulus and anvil clouds, which are typically associated with thunderstorms that may generate lightning. In the event of lightning within a 10-mile radius, Falcon 9 will be required to remain grounded until a launch opportunity with more favorable weather conditions becomes available.

The first-stage booster will aim for a landing attempt on an Atlantic Ocean-based drone ship shortly after liftoff and a flight toward the east. There was a “low-risk” weather advisory for the recovery operations.

SpaceX Falcon 9 Launching
The label of Luxembourg-based operator SES is visible on the payload fairing of a SpaceX Falcon 9. Source: SpaceX

Now, if you are wondering,

What’s the mission’s purpose?

Two additional communications satellites will be launched into orbit by the Falcon 9 mission for Luxembourg-based satellite operator SES. Upon achieving orbit, the O3b mPower 3 and 4 satellites, constructed by Boeing, will facilitate the provision of internet connectivity across the world.

Another query that might pop up in your head is,

When will we have a chance to fall back?

If there is a delay to Saturday at a similar time, the conditions appear to be consistent with a 20% chance of proceeding.

Summary:

Thunderstorms may delay SpaceX’s Friday Falcon 9 launch from Cape Canaveral. There is only a 20% chance of favorable launch conditions, according to forecasters at Space Launch Delta 45, due to a low-pressure system developing in the southeastern region of the United States. The launch, which is intended to deploy two commercial communication satellites for SES, will be rescheduled for a later date if lightning is detected within a 10-mile radius.

SpaceX Falcon 9 Launching  Details:

Launch Friday, April 28

Company / Agency: SpaceX for SES

Rocket: SpaceX Falcon 9

Location: Launch Complex 40 at Cape Canaveral Space Force Station

Launch Window: 5:12 p.m. to 6:40 p.m. EDT

Trajectory: East-Northeast

Weather: 20% “go”

Landing: Drone ship

Live coverage: Starts 90 minutes before liftoff at floridatoday.com

About: The Luxembourg company SES will use a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket to launch the O3b mPower 3 and 4 satellites. The main purpose of the satellites is to connect to the internet.

In a major test flight of SpaceX largest rocket, the massive Starship took off from a launch pad in southern Texas today. However, the rocket exploded before reaching space and cut short the flight. In a recent launch attempt, Starship and its booster successfully lifted off from the launch pad and ascended to a height of 39 kilometers. However, the spacecraft unexpectedly lost control and unfortunately exploded just four minutes into the flight before the planned separation could occur. During a webcast of the launch attempt, John Insprucker, the principal integration engineer for SpaceX, which constructed Starship, stated that the situation was not normal.

SpaceX has achieved a significant milestone with its most ambitious rocket. It successfully launched from the pad with up to 33 engines firing in synchrony. This achievement is a major step forward for the company. According to Insprucker, the Starship provided a remarkable conclusion to an already remarkable test.

SpaceX has set the upcoming Starship flights to usher in a fresh era of space exploration, which includes transporting people to the Moon and Mars. This development could also pave the way for novel forms of astrophysics and planetary science. The rocket had no crew on its inaugural test flight.

The rocket with the highest power:

In a recent development, it has been revealed that Starship boasts of almost double the power of NASA’s latest deep-space rocket, the Space Launch System (SLS), which took its maiden flight in November. Until now, Starship had only undergone a few tests at low altitudes above SpaceX’s spaceport in Boca Chica, Texas. Today’s mission was to achieve space travel and orbit most of the planet before landing in the ocean near Hawaii.

According to Laura Forczyk, the executive director of Astralytical, a space consulting company in Atlanta, Georgia, the successful demonstration of Starship’s ability to reach orbit by SpaceX would have a significant impact on future developments.

SpaceX has announced its plans to utilize the Starship spacecraft to establish a human settlement on the planet Mars. NASA has set its sights on utilizing the vehicle to assist in landing astronauts on the Moon’s surface soon as a component of its proposed Artemis missions. Scientists are envisioning the potential of utilizing Starship’s vast size to transport large telescopes for planetary missions into the depths of space.

During the Space Symposium held in Colorado Springs, Colorado on April 18th, Julianna Scheiman, the director of NASA satellite missions at SpaceX, expressed her enthusiasm for the potential of utilizing Starship to advance scientific research.

Crafts that can be reused:

The Starship spacecraft resembles a colossal metal tube. It stands at a towering height of 120 meters. When combined with its Super Heavy rocket booster, it becomes even taller. Moreover, scientists have developed a new spacecraft that can transport up to 150 tonnes of equipment into space. The designers have innovatively crafted a fully reusable transportation system for future space missions, making it cost-effective. In a bid to reduce the expenses of space travel, SpaceX has announced its intention to recover and reuse its components.

According to Jennifer Heldmann, a planetary scientist at NASA’s Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, California, the limitations of space flight have always been mass, volume, and cost. Starship effectively removes all of these limitations.

Between 1981 and 2011, NASA completed 135 missions to low Earth orbit with its space shuttles. These shuttles were designed for routine space access. NASA has decided to retire the shuttle. Instead, they will focus on developing a more advanced SLS. This will enable deeper space exploration.

SpaceX has successfully created smaller rockets that are partially reusable, including the Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy series. Various users, including governments and companies, frequently use these rockets to launch satellites. SpaceX plans to utilize its Starship spacecraft for the deployment of larger objects, including the upcoming Starlink communications satellites. However, some astronomers have raised concerns about the potential impact of these satellites on nighttime observations.

Challenges Faced by Rockets:

By Forczyk, the ability of SpaceX to deliver on its commitment to frequent and also cost-effective Starship flights remains uncertain. The potential of Starship to deliver smaller rockets is advantageous for the spacecraft. NASA has endorsed it as a crucial component of their Moon exploration initiative, which further strengthens its potential.

As demonstrated by today’s flight, the development of any new rocket remains a difficult task. Shortly, it is highly probable that SpaceX will conduct tests on several other Starships that have already been constructed. According to Forczyk, there is a possibility of witnessing substantial advancements this year. The possibility remains uncertain.

 

Published by: Sky Headlines

Isn’t it interesting that AI in space exploration is making incredible milestones day after day?

When humans look up to the night sky, they often get stunned by its spaciousness and curiosity. Even in today’s world, that sense of curiosity continues. But, thanks to modern technology, and artificial intelligence. They have emerged as a powerful tool that not only gives answers to our fascination but also uncovers some of the universe using innovative methods.

AI Is Being Used in Space Exploration img 1
Incredible Ways AI Is Being Used in Space Exploration

AI, the artificial intelligence play a significant role in many explorational journeys of Space. From the keen control of robots and satellites to the complex analysis of vast datasets and satellites. AI offers us a lot of new knowledge. Besides this, AI functions as a versatile key that effectively unlocks many secrets of the cosmos. That is why AI is allowing scientists to boldly explore realms that were once confined to the realm of imagination.

We will explore some of the best applications of AI in space exploration, and see how it is helping scientists in the best ways.

AI in Space Exploration is Getting Crazy Day by Day!

Artificial Intelligence (AI) plays an essential role in numerous space exploration missions. From controlling robots and satellites to analyzing complex satellites and databases. Artificial intelligence is the heart of mission exploration. AI’s flexibility allows us to unravel its mysteries and provide researchers with new fields they had never thought they could explore. AI helps scientists in a variety of ways.

Let’s take a look at:

  • Robots for Navigation Purposes

AI in space exploration specifically navigate using self-deployment robots. Rovers such as Mars Exploration Rover and Curiosity have explored Mars independently for a long time, using sensors that detect obstacles such as rocks. They use AI algorithms to analyze the data to map safe routes to prevent collisions.

Robots for Navigation Purposes
Image credit: NASA/ARC

Perseverance Rover uses AEGIS to determine the most suitable rocks to collect samples and paving the way for totally independent space-based autonomous rovers.

Satellite Operations utilizing Artificial Intelligence. It is changing satellite operations improving efficiency and increasing intelligence at the same time.

SpaceX incorporates Artificial Intelligence (AI) algorithms in their navigation satellites. These algorithms utilize sensor data like speed and location measurements to determine the risk of collision. If their AI senses there could be a threat of collision, their computer onboard immediately alters their course in order to ensure that they do not get into a collision.

  • Optimization of Satellites

AI plays a crucial part in optimizing satellite orbits. It helps satellites to choose more efficient routes that take less fuel and time for precise positioning – thereby saving resources while also increasing the effectiveness of their missions.

AI in space exploration img 3

Space Data Analysis with Artificial Intelligence allows quicker and more accurate analysis of satellite data making use of machine learning’s ability to recognize patterns to identify patterns in satellite data sets, assisting us identify the most important aspects or issues more quickly.

AI is able to more effectively recognize patterns, and offer more precise, precise and complete analyses than traditional methods have ever been able to do and perform more effectively than other method! AI could be even more economical!

  • Astrogeology (or planetology) is the study of formations in space

Artificial intelligence (AI) lets scientists make use of it to detect and classify features such as eruptions and craters on planets and moons by constructing 3-dimensional representations of their surfaces, which offer us more insight into their past and the environment they inhabit.

AI in space exploration img 4

SpaceX has embraced Artificial Intelligence (AI) to improve their rockets. AI analyses sensor and instrument data to aid in precise control. In addition, they are making use of this AI to automatically land and focusing on maintaining engines and equipment to ensure landings are successful each time.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is an integral component in space exploration. AI technology is able to quickly process information and steer spacecraft independently through space and help probes move faster so that we get a better view into the universe beyond Earth.

What can Artificial Intelligence applications aid space exploration?

AI technology can enhance the efficiency of spacecrafts, assisting them in completing tasks on their own collecting relevant data and enhancing the odds of success in mission by assisting spacecraft move autonomously around studying the information they have collected and identifying problems quickly and enabling tasks to run more efficiently.

What role can AI robots and AI play in space exploration?

NASA makes use of AI to connect spacecraft while SpaceX uses it to land rockets in safety on Earth.

Could Artificial Intelligence find use in the field of space technology?

AI is an essential source of satellite production. Utilizing machine learning techniques to evaluate designs quickly, AI allows us to quickly identify solutions. In assessing aspects like weight, strength and functional considerations, AI gives all the necessary information for designing spacecrafts.

Are there ways to make AI and exploration coexist?

Spacecraft with AI enhancements can be incredible instruments. They are not only capable of autonomously exploring space missions with greater efficiency and cost-effectiveness as well, but they can also help scientists by providing analysis of data capabilities that enhance our understanding of the universe!

When was the first time artificial intelligence be introduced to space exploration?

Deep Space 1 first utilized Artificial Intelligence in space in 1998, through the Space satellite Deep Space 1. AI was used to study two comets which included Borrelly and Braille employing “Remote Agent”, an new method of thinking specifically to analyze the properties of these objects.

Deep Space 1
Deep Space 1

Bottom Line:

Artificial Intelligence has proven an important tool when it comes to looking into space. AI assists us in identifying things that would otherwise be difficult to recognize. For example, objects changing their course or even small aspects we could ignore. Before AI became so prevalent with regard to space research, many AI applications relied on satellite data obtained from Hubble Space Telescope satellites alone to get a better understanding of space.

Artificial Intelligence AI in space exploration has performed many roles. From serving as a teacher and guide to spacecraft travel, AI has also helped astronauts master new techniques. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory developed an AI system that can manage missions in a way that is autonomous. Machine learning also analyzes images taken by Mars spacecrafts, looking for possible sources of water or other materials on Mars.

If you are wondering is there any need of space agriculture, then your concern is right. Astronauts, and employees who work in space can’t simply make a quick visit to the grocery store, if they need any good range of healthy meal choices. That is why there is a need to have the farming concept in space too.

 And this is done to have a fresh, and healthy diet during long space missions. Astronauts must have nutrient-packed food available. Till today, they bring the majority of their needed food from Earth. And as its very common that space missions got prolonged. That is why it has become important for the researchers to cultivate plants. This cultivation will serve to enhance their diet and provides a good atmosphere like home to them too.

Today, we will highlight some of the major projects by NASA & ESA when it comes to the space agriculture research.

What Backgrounded Study has been Provided by SpaceX?

As SpaceX’s 25th cargo resupply mission for NASA (SpX-25) is all ready towards the International Space Station. It will be transporting an important space agricultural and its biology study. Furthermore, this investigation also holds the potential to revolutionize the methods that we use to cultivate and sustain crops. That is why both in the space environment and on our home planet Earth will have a better point of view about agriculture.

How SpaceX has Conduct a Study on Space Agriculture?

This experiment is known as Dynamics of Microbiomes in Space” (DynaMoS). And it centers around the investigation of small organisms that we don’t know. Moreover, the initial indications of life on Earth trace back more than three billion years.

These microorganisms that is also known as microbe. They will eventually paved the way for all the life forms thriving on our planet today. With the passage of time, these microbes have evolved to effectively to the  available resources. And soil stands out as one of the most common, and opted ecosystems that has diverse microbial communities.

Microbes that stays in the soil plays a crucial role in the carbon cycle. And that is why the circulation of other essential nutrients, which in turn supports the growth of plants. Which is an important factor for the quality sustain of all life.

The DynaMoS project has a aim to dissect the impact of microgravity in space agriculture. And other variables on the metabolic plays important role among communities of soil microorganisms. This study will particularly highlight the soil microorganism groups which is known as  chitin. It is basically a carbon polymer that ranks as the second most prevalent on our planet.

Results from the Dynamics of Microbiomes in Space (DynaMoS) investigation will compare soil samples full of microbes flown aboard the International Space Station and ground control samples at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC).

How Space Agriculture Pave a Way in Science Inventions & Discoveries?

As we all know that consistent efforts plays an important role in the plant growth. And they holds a good significant in space exploration. This is why paving into the microorganism communities that are found within soil takes on fundamental role in our many space explorations.

What is BPS & How it Contributes to Space Agriculture?

NASA’s Biological and Physical Sciences Division takes the lead in driving scientific revelations. And it further facilitates the science exploration. They do it by harnessing space environments for conducting studies that is not possible on Earth.

We all know that investigating biological and physical phenomena within extreme conditions provides researchers with so much knowledge.  With the means to push forward the important scientific insights necessary for extending our reach and duration in space missions.  Aside from this, the future space agriculture’s research yield valuable insights that have practical applications here on Earth.

Dynamics of Microbiomes in Space
Four bags containing 13 tubes each, like this one filled with soil, will fly to the International Space Station as part of the Dynamics of Microbiomes in Space (DynaMoS) investigation.

Important Words by a Scientist of BPS (Biological and Physical Sciences)

Dr. Mamta Patel Nagaraja. Who is a deputy program scientist for space biology for NASA’s Biological and Physical Sciences (BPS) division. He said:

“Farmers on Earth face challenges with weather changes, balancing carbon levels in soil, and other unpredictable forces, but growing crops in space is a whole different playing field.

One factor that is key is understanding how soil microbes perform and function in microgravity since they heavily affect the carbon and nutrient levels. Understanding the behavior of these microbes in spaceflight has the potential to improve agricultural production for long duration space travel. Which includes to other planets, and of course, farming right here on Earth.”

What is APH & How it Contributes to Space Agriculture?

The Advanced Plant Habitat (APH) also serves as a growth chamber into the station which helps in the plant research. This system has LED lights and a micro clay substrate. That is couple with control release fertilizer. It effectively provide water, nutrients, and oxygen to the plant roots.

However, what sets APH apart is its enclosed and automated design. Which is equipped with cameras and over 180 sensors. They maintain constant communication with a ground-based team stationed at Kennedy.

Space Agriculture
John “JC” Carver, a payload integration engineer with Kennedy’s Test and Operations Support Contract, opens the door to the growth chamber of the Advanced Plant Habitat Flight Unit No. 1 for a test harvest of half of the Arabidopsis thaliana plants growing within.
Credits: NASA/Leif Heimbold

Furthermore, it demands less day-to-day attention from the crew. Automation handles aspects such as water recovery and distribution, atmospheric composition, moisture levels, and temperature regulation. APH features an expanded palette of LED light colors compared to Veggie, including red, green, blue, white, far red, and even infrared. Which further benefits the nighttime imaging capabilities.

What is BRIC LED Lights?

The Biological Research in Canisters (BRIC) serves as a facility that help out in investigating the impact of space conditions on tiny organisms. Which can be cultivate in petri dishes. These organisms encompass entities like yeast and microbes. The latest iteration, known as BRIC-LED, has introduced light-emitting diodes (LEDs) to cater to biological specimens such as plants, mosses, algae, and cyanobacteria that rely on light to produce their sustenance.

Currently, BRIC-LED is undergoing tests to validate its hardware. Scientists are diligently ensuring that the LEDs remain within suitable temperature ranges for the plants while also conducting various system checks. In the near future, researchers like Dr. Simon Gilroy from the University of Wisconsin-Madison will utilize this facility to carry out their studies.

When did NASA start growing plants in space?

The timeline of these space-based projects of space agriculture is as follows:

  • Advanced Plant Habitat. It commenced its journey aboard the ISS in April 2017.
  • Bion Satellites. That stary back in 1973.
  • Biomass Production System. Which embarked on its mission in April 2002 aboard the ISS.
  • Vegetable Production System (Veggie). And it took off in May 2014, finding its place aboard the ISS.

How does NASA help agriculture?

NASA Acres collaborates with various stakeholders within the agricultural domain to create data and tools derived from Earth observatories. These resources are aims at enhancing production levels. While protecting the land, water, the atmosphere, and human well-being.

What food did NASA grow in space?

NASA has achieved successful cultivation of plants. That includes lettuce and radishes, and has examined their reactions to the space environment in space agriculture research. This has a comprehensive analysis ranging from gene expression to even assessing the spiciness of the plants. NASA’s Plant Habitat-04 experiment further builds upon prior endeavors, extending to the growth of peppers within the confines of the Advanced Plant Habitat (APH).

Farming Projects by NASA
The first growth test of crops in the Advanced Plant Habitat aboard the International Space Station yielded great results. Arabidopsis seeds – small flowering plants related to cabbage and mustard – grew for about six weeks, and dwarf wheat for five weeks.
Credits: NASA

What is the NASA Veggie program?

The Vegetable Production System (Veggie) stands as a plant growth setup developed and employed by NASA within the context of outer space conditions. Veggie holds a dual purpose: to furnish astronauts with a self-sustaining and lasting food source, while also offering a platform for leisure and relaxation through therapeutic gardening activities.

Space Agriculture
Zinnia plants from the Veggie ground control system are being harvested in the Flight Equipment Development Laboratory in the Space Station Processing Facility at Kennedy. A similar zinnia harvest was conducted by astronaut Scott Kelly on the International Space Station. Credits: NASA/Bill White

What is the Role of ESA in Space Agriculture?

On January 25, 2023, the European Space Agency (ESA) has a collaboration with the German Aerospace Centre (DLR) and the German Federal Office for Agriculture and Food (BLE). They held an event that united the research of space agriculture in space exploration and agri-food sectors. The goal was to collaboratively address common challenges and lay out a shared trajectory for progress.

Humans continue to tackle the technological obstacles of deep space missions, which involve Mars colony too. So, the idea of exploring and establishing colonies on extraterrestrial outposts is being seriously discussed by space agencies and private companies.

However, we need to consider whether we should pursue these endeavors solely because we have the capability to do so. Is venturing into this undoubtedly risky adventure justified when we assess it from economic, legal, and ethical perspectives?

Human Colorization on Mars Colony- A Pathway to Level up the Evolution Process

Mars possesses a significant advantage over the Moon in terms of its abundance and diversity of essential elements. While the Moon lacks many crucial metals and elements required by industrial society, Mars has a wide range of elements in abundance, making it more promising for potential resource extraction and utilization.

On Mars, various hydrologic and volcanic processes have occurred over its geologic history, leading to the consolidation of different elements into local concentrations of high-grade mineral ore. This geological history has drawn optimistic comparisons to Africa’s mineral wealth, suggesting that Mars may have substantial mineral resources. Which would help in developing Mars colony.

In contrast, the Moon has had limited to no history of water or volcanic activity. As a result, its composition primarily consists of rocks with little differentiation into valuable ores or concentrations of essential elements.

Considering the available resources and mineral wealth. Mars colony appears to be a more attractive candidate for potential future human colonization and resource utilization endeavors if we compare it to the Moon.

Now, we will see the robotic mining, and its significance in digging out important elements from Mars Colony.

What is Robotic Mining & How it Could Help in Mars Colony?

According to Professor Serkan Saydam from UNSW Sydney:

“The key to developing a colony on Mars within the next 30 years lies in robotic mining. This technology can extract water and fuel, making it essential for future colonization efforts.”

Professor Saydam believes that if autonomous mining processes become more commercially viable, humans could establish a colony on Mars by the year 2050. The recent successful landing of NASA’s Perseverance rover on Mars has sparked hope for this endeavor.

The primary focus of creating a colony on Mars revolves around finding and utilizing water. Robots will play a crucial role in extracting and processing water before humans set foot on the planet. Water is vital for life support, and it can also be separated into hydrogen, which serves as an energy source.

The proposed process for human colonization on Mars involves first setting up robotic operations to produce water and separate hydrogen. This way, the water and energy will be ready and available when human beings eventually arrive on the red planet.

Advancements in robotics and autonomous systems are crucial to ensure the availability of water and energy for future Mars colonization missions.

The Entrepreneur , Elon Musk, has recently made a claim regarding the colony of Mars. Let’s read in next paragraph what he is telling us!

Mars Will be the City of 1 Million by 2050: Elon Musk Claimed!

Entrepreneur Elon Musk has expressed confidence in the possibility of establishing a city of 1 million people on Mars by 2050. He plans to transport these individuals using 1000 Starships developed by his company, SpaceX, with up to three rocket launches per day.

While Professor Saydam believes achieving this specific goal within the given timeframe may be unrealistic, he acknowledges that the ambition to travel to and potentially Mars colony is what will drive the necessary technological advancements.

According to Professor Saydam:

“The technology and knowledge required for such missions are already available. However, the main challenge lies in maintaining focus and commitment to the project. To further the progress, he asks why similar technologies are not already utilized on Earth, where we still heavily rely on human labor in mining operations.”

One crucial aspect hindering the development is the lack of sufficient demand. Companies would only invest in Mars mission-related products if there is a market for the minerals or resources they can extract from Mars, which can be used for manufacturing and sold.

“At the moment, everything is just a cost and there is no revenue for companies.“

However, that could be starting to change. United Launch Alliance, a joint venture between Lockheed Martin and Boeing who are heavily invested in the rockets used to launch spaceships, has publicly announced they will pay $500 per kilogram for fuel – derived from water – supplied on the moon. That rises to $3000 per kilogram if the fuel is available in a low-earth orbit.

Apart from this, now we will see the civilization of Mars, and the challenges it could lead in the next part of the blog!

Developing a Civilization on Mars:

When NASA plans crewed missions to Mars, they usually envision round trips with brief stopovers on the Red Planet. However, commercial space companies like SpaceX have more ambitious goals, aiming to establish civilizations on Mars.

For extended stays on Mars, the most practical approach involves utilizing resources already present on the planet, rather than relying solely on supplies from Earth. Researchers have identified five essential resources that would be required for Martian settlements in Mars colony: energy, water, oxygen, construction material, and food. Fortunately, the first four resources are potentially abundant on Mars.

Energy needs can be met with a combination of solar power and nuclear-fission reactors. Water can be sourced from ice and hydrated minerals found on Mars. Oxygen can be generated by converting carbon dioxide, which is also present in the Martian atmosphere. Additionally, the soil on Mars can be used to produce bricks for construction materials.

However, when it comes to food, there are no natural sources available on Mars, and it’s challenging to create it from the raw materials on the planet using simple chemical processes. The researchers emphasize that producing food locally on Mars will be the most difficult task, and importing all the required food from Earth won’t be sustainable for establishing a self-sufficient settlement.

Long-term stays on Mars require a strategy that relies on Martian resources for energy, water, oxygen, and construction material. However, the challenge of producing food locally remains a significant obstacle for establishing a self-sustaining colony on the Red Planet.

As we all know that Mars has lower gravity than Earth, so we will highlight the importance of “survival of the fittest” in next paragraph.

Does “Survival of the Fittest” Really Fits Best in Mars Colony?

The concept of “survival of the fittest” is essential in evolution, but on Mars, the environment may not solely determine the traits that make people well-suited for life there. One apparent factor that could lead to differences is height, as Mars has lower gravity than Earth.

Contrary to popular science fiction portrayals of tall and lanky Martians, the actual effect might be the opposite. The conditions on Mars could favor shorter people with denser bones to avoid hazards during childbirth, as weaker skeletons could lead to pelvic fractures during delivery.

Additionally, Mars’ high radiation levels could influence traits like skin color or eyesight over generations of evolution, as has happened on Earth. For example, to cope with the radiation, humans might develop new types of skin pigments or genes that make them more resistant to cancer, leading to potential “green men” in the future.

However, it’s crucial to remember that these ideas are speculative. There is still much we need to learn about how space living, including childbirth and infant survival and development, may impact human evolution on Mars. The process is complex and will require further research and understanding.

mars colony
An image of the surface of Mars taken by the Perseverance Rover in March 2021. Photo: NASA

What Could be the Possible Future Impacts on Mars Colony?

Mars presents a unique opportunity for potential colonization due to several factors. With a mean radius of about 0.53 times that of Earth and 0.38 times the surface gravity, it offers a surface area close to the total land area of our planet, making it a promising destination. These are really valuable information related to Mars colony.

Research conducted by rovers and low-frequency radar on the Mars Express spacecraft. They have suggested the possibility of finding underground and subglacial liquid water. Which would be beneficial for sustaining life and supporting future colonists.

Similar to Earth, we believe that Mars have substantial mineral resources beneath its surface. And it includes recently confirmed evidence of metal ores and other vital minerals. While no practical methods for extracting and refining these resources on Mars have been demonstrated yet. The potential to do so in the future is a significant factor in favor of colonization.

Despite immediate challenges such as a dusty, carbon dioxide-rich atmosphere with a pressure of only 0.09 atm. These promising features have solidified Mars’ status as the ultimate space colonization destination for the near future.

mars colony
An artist’s impression of mining operations on Mars ahead of a potential colony of humans on the red planet.

How Being Extra-Terrestrial on Mars Effects Science?

The idea of going extra-terrestrial and colonizing Mars is gaining momentum with initiatives like the Mars One program.  Which has been operating since 2012 and seems likely to continue due to financial and public support. The successful launch of Falcon Heavy in 2018 demonstrated its capacity to deliver payloads to the Martian surface. Which aligns with the goals of Mars One.

To develop geodynamic scenarios and define relevant parameters for future Mars, efforts are ongoing. And it also include  terraforming such as Mars colony, as well as materials suitable for Mars-oriented applications and environments.

Many believe that from a technological standpoint, colonization of Mars within our lifetime is indeed possible. There is a substantial number of volunteers eager. That will take on the challenge of a one-way journey to the Red Planet. Thousands have applied to Mars One, and around 100 individuals have been preselected.

These developments and the enthusiastic response from potential volunteers indicate many things. Which also include that the concept of colonizing Mars is becoming a tangible reality, at least from a technical perspective. However, it is essential to continue research and planning to address the significant challenges involved in such a monumental endeavor.

TAMPA, Fla. The solar panels on Indonesia’s Satria-1 internet satellite were switched on after it was placed into a special orbit by a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket over the weekend, according to the company that built it, Thales Alenia Space, on June 19.

Satria-1 Towards Special Orbit

Thales Alenia Space spokeswoman Sandrine Bielecki said it would take about five months for Indonesia’s first high throughput (VHTS) satellite to reach its orbital slot at 146 degrees East using electric power on board. Once it reaches its spot in geostationary orbit at the end of this year, Thales Alenia Space will need about three weeks to test Satria-1 (also called Nusantara 3). Only then will it be ready for business use?

By the beginning of 2024, the impressive $545 million satellite is expected to deliver 150 gigabits per second across the vast Indonesian archipelago and its surrounding areas, encompassing thousands of islands.

 

Testing Satria-1 For Business Use

On June 18, at 6:21 p.m. in the Eastern time zone, SpaceX accomplished a remarkable feat by sending a 4.6-metric-ton spacecraft soaring into the boundless realm of space. This extraordinary achievement occurred at the Cape Canaveral Space Force Station in Florida. About 37 minutes later, Satria-1 broke away from Falcon 9 on a flight in which SpaceX also brought back the rocket’s first-stage booster to be used again.

Public Private Partnership For Satria-1

Under a public-private relationship with the Indonesian government, PT Satelit Nusantara Tiga, a group of Indonesian companies led by Pasifik Satelit Nusantara (PSN), will run Satria-1. The smooth start is a big step toward Indonesia’s goal of getting broadband. It comes after the government had to ask foreign officials for more time to use the satellite because of problems with money and to make it because of the pandemic.

Nusantra Lima

PSN is set to manage the Nusantara Lima satellite, also called Nusantara 5, which Boeing is currently constructing. As we look ahead to the coming months, SpaceX is embarking on an exciting journey, making final preparations for the highly anticipated launch of a geostationary satellite. This remarkable endeavor is a testament to SpaceX’s remarkable abilities, igniting the imagination and propelling the frontiers of space exploration to unprecedented levels.

Satria Role in Indonesian Connectivity

In the meantime, Thales Alenia Space plans to send Telkomsat, a branch of Indonesian state-owned telecoms company Telkom, an internet satellite called Telkom 113 in 2024.

Because Indonesia has more than 18,000 islands and groups, of which the government says only 6,000 are inhabited, setting up ground networks would be difficult and expensive. This makes satellite-based communications a better choice. But foreign internet providers in low Earth orbit, like SpaceX’s Starlink, are also interested in this market. Starlink should be available in Indonesia in 2024, according to its availability map, after it goes on sale in the Philippines.

News:

The Vulcan Centaur launch schedule proceeded with the necessary test. The next-generation Vulcan Centaur rocket from United Launch Alliance (ULA) recently made a significant advancement toward its initial launch.

If you are wondering what is the Vulcan Centaur’s launch date, then it is recently launched on the evening of June 7. As we all know that being a launch vehicle, it has accomplished a significant milestone by performing a successful engine test.

This was the inaugural instance where both first-stage engines were simultaneously ignited on the launch pad at Cape Canaveral Space Force Station in Florida.
The quick test, known as a flight readiness firing (FRF), happened on June 8 at 9:05 p.m. EDT (0105 p.m. GMT).

And if we dig deep into the starting time of engines, then at T-4.88 seconds, the engine start process started. After two seconds of throttling up to the desired level, the engines then powered down. According to a statement from ULA tonight, six seconds made up the whole FRF.

Vulcan Centaur Rocket's First-Stage Engines on Launch Pad for the First Time
Vulcan Centaur Rocket’s First-Stage Engines on Launch Pad for the First Time

The ULA has Atlas V and Delta IV launch vehicles that been replaced with the futuristic, 202-foot-tall (62-meter) Vulcan Centaur rocket launch.

Vulcan Centaur Rocket Ready for Launch Pad Testing at Cape Canaveral Space Force Station
(Image credit: ULA ) ULA’s First Vulcan Centaur Rocket Ready for Launch Pad Testing at Cape Canaveral Space Force Station

How Big is Vulcan Centaur? 

ULA’s upcoming rocket, the Vulcan Centaur, standing at an impressive height of 202 feet (equivalent to 62 meters). And it is set to supplant ULA’s longstanding Atlas V and Delta IV launch vehicles.

The reason for it long standing height lies behind the company’s cutting-edge space exploration vehicle.

First Launch of Vulcan Centaur:

When we look deeper into the news then we find out that two BE-4 engines from Blue Origin are used in the Vulcan Centaur first launch, while two RL-10 engines are used in the Centaur V upper stage.

Furthermore, the spacecraft has space for up to six additional solid rocket boosters that are attached to the main rocket.

What is Geostationary Orbit? 

When the rocket is fully functional, it will have the ability to launch Vulcan Centaur payloads weighing up to 7.7 tons (7 metric tons) into a high orbit around the Earth called geostationary orbit. Although it has not yet taken flight, ULA is striving to alter that, as seen by today’s test.
According to the company’s report from tonight,

“We are more than 98% complete with the Vulcan reusable qualification program, with the remaining items associated with the final Centaur V testing.”

The crew is continuing to look into the Centaur V test stand anomaly while also evaluating the data from the systems used in today’s test, they said.

“We will develop a launch plan pending the data review and the findings of the investigation.”

On March 29, a Centaur burst on a test stand at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Alabama following a hydrogen leak, resulting in the anomaly mentioned in that update. Before that event, ULA had planned to launch the Vulcan Centaur for the first time in early May.

Where Will Vulcan Centaur Launch?

As ULA has launched the one of the biggest, and interesting heavy two staged launch vehicle, now comes the position, where it will be launched.

So, tonight marks the inaugural test fire of United Launch Alliance’s newly developed Vulcan Centaur rocket, which will take place on the launch pad at Cape Canaveral Space Force Station.

Now, let’s talk about the peregrine. What is it actually about?

Vulcan Centaur Peregrine, A Lunar lander From Aerospace

Astrobotic, a Pittsburgh-based company, has developed the Peregrine lunar lander, which will embark on its inaugural mission to the moon. ULA representatives have indicated that the mission might potentially launch sometime this summer.

However, an exact launch date has not yet been announced by the company.
In tonight’s update, ULA stated that testing is a crucial component of their development program for launch vehicles and that they would only fly when they felt it was safe to do so.

On May 25, ULA made an attempt to execute the FRF but had to cancel the test during the countdown due to a booster-related technical issue.

Following the cancellation, the company smoothly conducted an inspection and study of the Vulcan Centaur, which was subsequently moved off the pad and into its Vertical Integration Facility hangar.

Difference Between Vulcan Centaur and Falcon 9

There is a clear difference between these two in many terms. The Vulcan Centaur has a payload capacity of 60,000 pounds (27.2 tons) for low Earth orbit (LEO) and 14,300 pounds (6.5 tons) for geosynchronous orbit (GEO).

In contrast, SpaceX’s Falcon 9 has the ability to transport 50,000 pounds (23 tons) to LEO and 18,300 pounds (8.3 tons) to GEO.

 

How Many Successful Launches has ULA Had?

Apart from Vulcan Centaur ULA, it has many successful launches so far. Let’s have a glance at the keen launches, and see how they had made a difference.

The most seasoned and dependable launch service provider in the nation, ULA boasts a rich legacy spanning over a century. Over the years, ULA has achieved pleasing success by flawlessly executing over 150 missions to orbit.

These missions have played a pivotal role in providing essential capabilities for soldiers deployed in the field. Which further aids the meteorologists in monitoring severe weather conditions.

It will not help to gather important pieces of news for weather, but also facilitate GPS navigation on personal devices. Since its inception, ULA’s rockets have been instrumental in positioning the satellite assets worth over $70 billion into orbit.

So, it has been clear seen that besides the heavy Vulcan Centaur’s launch, ULA has launched many successful satellites that has benefited in many ways.

NASA has chosen Blue Origin from Kent, Washington to create a human landing system for their Artemis V mission to the Moon. NASA’s Artemis mission is going to explore more of the Moon than ever before! This will help us discover new things about the Moon and prepare for future missions to Mars.

What role will Blue Origin play in NASA’s Artemis V mission to the Moon and the development of a human landing system?

For repeated astronaut trips to the lunar surface, including docking with Gateway, a space station where crew transfers take place in lunar orbit, Blue Origin will design, develop, test, and certify its Blue Moon lander to meet NASA’s requirements for human landing systems. The contract involves creating and testing a spacecraft for a trip to the moon. This will include a test run without any people on board, followed by a trip with a crew in 2029. The contract is worth $3.4 billion.

Bill Nelson:

“Today we are excited to announce Blue Origin will build a human landing system as NASA’s second provider to deliver Artemis astronauts to the lunar surface,” said NASA Administrator Bill Nelson. “We are in a golden age of human spaceflight, which is made possible by NASA’s commercial and international partnerships. Together, we are making an investment in the infrastructure that will pave the way to land the first astronauts on Mars.”

Rocket and Spacecraft involved in the mission:

NASA’s Artemis V mission will send four astronauts to orbit the moon using the SLS rocket and the Orion spacecraft. After Orion docks with Gateway, two astronauts will take a weeklong trip to the Moon’s South Pole region using Blue Origin’s human landing system. They will conduct science and exploration activities during their time there. Artemis V is a mission that will help NASA explore the moon and prepare for future missions to Mars. It will show how we can explore the moon and set up systems to support more missions in the future.

What are the benefits of involving more partners in NASA’s Artemis program to land humans on the Moon?

NASA is looking for more partners to help them land humans on the Moon as part of their Artemis program. This will make things more competitive and save money for taxpayers. It will also mean more trips to the Moon and more investment in the lunar economy. All of this will help NASA get ready for sending astronauts to Mars in the future.

What is NASA’s strategy for expanding access to space and encouraging innovation in human landing system designs?

The agency hired SpaceX to create a system for humans to land on the moon for the Artemis III mission. The agency instructed SpaceX to update its design to meet its standards for sustainable exploration and to showcase the lander during Artemis IV under the contract. NASA has made a deal with Blue Origin to create a lander meeting certain Artemis V mission requirements. This lander will be able to carry more crew members, stay on the Moon for long periods of time, and transport more materials. This means that there will be more companies available to compete for future opportunities to help NASA with their missions to the Moon.

NASA will contribute to expanding access to space for the benefit of all by encouraging businesses to develop cutting-edge human landing system concepts and designs. This will help industries come up with better ideas and designs for landing systems.

Lisa Watson-Morgan:

“Having two distinct lunar lander designs, with different approaches to how they meet NASA’s mission needs, provides more robustness and ensures a regular cadence of Moon landings,” said Lisa Watson-Morgan, manager of, the Human Landing System Program at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. “This competitive approach drives innovation, brings down costs, and invests in commercial capabilities to grow the business opportunities that can serve other customers and foster a lunar economy.”

What is Appendix P?

NASA released a request called Appendix P in September 2022. This is part of their work to create new and better ways to explore space. They’re looking for partners to help them with this project.

A brief introduction to the program:

NASA is planning to send astronauts to the Moon through a program called Artemis. This mission is significant because it will include the first woman and the first person of color to explore the Moon. The goal of the mission is to make scientific discoveries, reap economic benefits, and establish a base for future missions to Mars. NASA has a solid plan for exploring deep space. They’re using five important things to make it happen: the SLS rocket, Orion, Gateway, advanced spacesuits, and human landing systems.

Late on Friday (April 28), a SpaceX Falcon Heavy rocket with three satellites failed its attempt to launch. SpaceX called off the launch of its heavy-lift Falcon Heavy rocket at 8:26 p.m. EDT (00:26 GMT) from Pad 39A at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Although the rocket’s 27 first-stage engines—nine on each of its three core boosters—were about to fire, it did not do so. 

The first thing that comes to mind is,

What is the reason behind the cancellation of the Falcon Heavy launch?

Well, it is still not known what led to the cancellation. However, there is a probability that the abortion was due to the weather condition. The Falcon Heavy launch scheduled for later this year will be SpaceX’s sixth use of the heavy-lift rocket since its introduction in 2018. ViaSat-3 Americas, a 14,000-pound (6,400 kilogram) satellite built for the California-based business Viasat to provide broadband services, is the rocket’s main payload for this mission.

In addition, the rocket is carrying two smaller satellites: the tiny communications cubesat GS-1 made by Gravity Space in Washington and Arcturus, the first satellite produced by the Astranis firm.

Now, let’s see,

What do experts say about the mission’s attempt?

“We did call an abort at T-59 seconds. The vehicle and payload remain healthy,” SpaceX propulsion engineer Atticus Vadera said after the abort. “Keep in mind, the purpose of the countdown is to help us catch potential issues prior to flight. There are thousands of ways to launch a rocket and there’s only one way that it can go right.”

You should also know that,

Will non-reusable core boosters impact SpaceX’s long-term sustainability goals?

Although, like their smaller Falcon 9 counterparts, Falcon Heavy rockets are intended to have reusable first stages that land, SpaceX does not intend to reuse the core boosters from this mission in order to use the propellant typically reserved for landing to deliver its massive payload into orbit. 

Now about,

Falcon Heavy’s Epic Sixth Launch Attempt:

After an aborted first attempt, SpaceX plans to launch its powerful Falcon Heavy rocket for the sixth time ever this coming Sunday (April 30), and you can catch all the action as it happens. Sunday, April 30 has a 57-minute launch window opening at 7:29 p.m. EDT (23:29 GMT) for SpaceX’s next Falcon Heavy attempt.

SpaceX Falcon Heavy
SpaceX Falcon Heavy launch aborted about 1 minute prior to launch on April 28, 2023. (Image credit: SpaceX)

If you are wondering,

Where I can stream the launch?

At SpaceX, you can watch the launch live. The webcast from SpaceX should start around 15 minutes prior to launch. After being delayed by weather for days, the Falcon Heavy is set to take off from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida at 7:29 p.m. EDT (23:29 GMT). It will be taking three satellites into a faraway orbit called geostationary orbit. On April 28, a launch attempt failed 59 seconds before liftoff.